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Ancient woodland species

The species data was analysed for 129 sites known from archive evidence alone to be either Long-established or Ancient (1 or 2). The following species were found to be significantly associated with ancient Woodland rather than long-established woodland. Of the 63 species on the list, 41(indicated by *) also appear on other UK lists of ancient woodland species, determined by expert judgement.

Latin name Common name
Ajuga reptans Bugle
Anemone nemorosa* Wood anemone
Arum maculatum* Lords-and-ladies
Atrichum undulatum* Common smoothcap
Betula pubescens Downy birch
Blechnum spicant* Hard-fern
Brachypodium sylvaticum* False brome
Calliergonella cuspidata Pointed spear-moss
Cardamine flexuosa* Wavy bitter-cress
Carex remota* Remote sedge
Carex sylvatica* Wood-sedge
Chrysosplenium oppositifolium* Opposite-leaved golden-saxifrage
Circaea lutetiana* Enchanter's-nightshade
Conocephalum conicum Great scented liverwort
Conopodium majus Pignut
Corylus avellana* Hazel
Crepis paludosa Marsh hawk's-beard
Dicranum scoparium* Broom fork-moss
Digitalis purpurea Foxglove
Diplophyllum albicans White earwort
Dryopteris affinis* Scaly male fern
Eurhynchium praelongum Common feather-moss
Eurhynchium striatum* Lesser striated feather-moss
Galium odoratum* Woodruff
Galium palustre Common marsh-bedstraw
Geranium robertianum* Herb-robert
Geum urbanum Wood avens
Glyceria fluitans Floating sweet-grass
Hedera helix Ivy
Hyacinthoides non-scripta* Bluebell
Hypericum pulchrum* Slender St John's-wort
Isothecium myosuroides* Slender mouse-tail moss
Lapsana communis Nipplewort
Lonicera periclymenum* Honeysuckle
Luzula pilosa* Hairy wood-rush
Luzula sylvatica* Great wood-rush
Lysimachia nemorum* Yellow pimpernel
Mentha aquatica Water mint
Orchis mascula* Early-purple orchid
Oxalis acetosella* Wood sorrel
Pellia epiphylla Overleaf pellia
Plagiomnium undulatum Hart’s-tongue thyme-moss
Polypodium interjectum Intermediate polypody
Polystichum aculeatum* Hard shield-fern
Potentilla sterilis* Barren strawberry
Prunus spinosa Blackthorn
Ranunculus ficaria Lesser celandine
Rhizomnium punctatum* Dotted thyme-moss
Rhytidiadelphus loreus* Little shaggy-moss
Rhytidiadelphus triquetrus* Big shaggy-moss
Rosa canina Dog-rose
Salix caprea* Goat willow
Salix cinerea Grey willow
Sanicula europaea* Sanicle
Senecio aquaticus Marsh ragwort
Sorbus aucuparia* Rowan
Stellaria holostea* Greater stitchwort
Stellaria uliginosa* Bog stitchwort
Thuidium tamariscinum* Common tamarisk-moss
Vaccinium myrtillus* Bilberry
Valeriana officinalis* Common valerian
Veronica montana* Wood speedwell
Viola riviniana* Common dog-violet

Wood sorrel. Photo: Steven Kind

Hard fern. Photo: Steven Kind

Bluebells. Photo: Steven Kind

Opposite-leaved golden-saxifrage. Photo: Steven Kind